This verse is typical Hebrew poetry. Called “parallelism,” the verse is divided into two parts. In this case, both parts speak about bad guys, maybe even referring to the same person.
The first guy brings trouble on his family – whether he be father, son or brother. His actions and choices make life difficult for family members.
Proverbs constantly reminds us of the consequences to our bad decisions. Here the man who troubles his own family will only inherit the wind. Maybe it was the direct result of his bad choices which left him with nothing, cut off from any family inheritance. Or it might have been God’s direct judgment, but this guy winds up with nothing but air.
The second man in the verse is called a fool and may even be the same guy in the first part of the verse. Either way, it says this fool will end up in a subservient role to a wise person. His bad choices will cost him, as well.